Food materials and products imported and exported to various countries need to be tested and certified in accordance with local regulations and standards. There are also differences in the food-level testing requirements of various countries. Let me share with you the food-level testing standards and certifications of each country.
1. China - GB 4806
All food contact materials in China need to meet the requirements of GB 4806, including standard specifications for 10 types of products:
Pacifier "GB 4806.2-2015", enamel products "GB 4806.3-2016", ceramic products "GB 4806.4-2016", glass products "GB 4806.5-2016", food contact plastic resin "GB 4806.6-2016", food contact use Plastic materials and products "GB 4806.7-2016", food contact paper and cardboard materials and products "GB 4806.8-2016", food contact metal materials and products "GB 4806.9-2016", food contact coatings and coatings "GB 4806.10-2016", food contact rubber materials and products "GB 4806.11-2016"
2. United States - FDA
U.S. food-grade testing needs to comply with the FDA, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for monitoring food contact materials. Such materials must be tested to ensure that they meet food contact safety standards. The specific standard is: the 21st "Food and Drugs" (21CFR) of the United States "Code of Federal Regulations".
3. Germany - LFGB (LMBG)
German food-grade testing needs to comply with LFGB. LFGB is the abbreviation of "Food, Daily Necessities and Feed Law" issued by Germany in September 2005. It is the standard and core of other special food hygiene laws and regulations. The German standard is based on the European Union standard, combined with the requirements of its own country, and more strictly controls the material. The sensory test is a unique item of LFGB.
4. European Union-1935/2004/EC
EU food-grade testing needs to comply with the regulatory requirements of EU 1935/2004/EC. EU food contact material control is very strict, and products exported to the EU must pass corresponding testing and certification. Each material has different test standard requirements: plastic (2011/10/EU), silicone (AP2004 5), rubber (AP2004 4), organic coating (AP2004 1), enamel/glass/ceramic (84/500/EEC) 2005/31/EC), aluminum and aluminum alloy (EN 601 EN 602), various types of stainless steel/iron products/metal/alloy/plated products (CM/Res(2013)9 23 heavy metals).
French food-grade testing is required to comply with DGCCRF, and such products sold to France, in addition to meeting the requirements of EU Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004, also need to comply with local French regulations, including note 2004-64 and French Décret no2007-766 issued by the French Directorate-General for Competition, Consumption and Anti-Fraud (DGCCRF). France is a member of the European Union, so the regulations are adapted to its own national regulations. There are also French characteristics in the EU regulations on substrates. In particular, the silicone material peroxide value test, (VOM) total organic volatile matter, organic tin compounds test, highlight the importance of the French food contact materials testing.
6. United Kingdom - SI 898
Food contact materials in the UK is different from Germany and France, the UK does not develop its own national level of food contact material safety technical regulations, but through the publication of si (statutory instrument) legal documents in the form of conversion and implementation of EU regulations.
The current si documents for various EU food contact materials regulations are: si 2011 no.231 (plastics), si 2006 no.1179 (ceramics), si 1995 no.1012 (nitrosamines in rubber teats). si 2010 no.2225 issued in 2010 is consistent with the EU (ec)no 1935/2004 framework regulation and (ec)no 2023/2006 (the EU). ec)no 2023/2006gmp regulation and contains a transposition of (ec)no 450/2009 active and smart materials regulation and 2007/42/ec regenerated cellulose membrane directive.
7. Italy - GU283、DM 21373
August 23, 1982, Italy in order to implement the EU's earliest framework directive for food contact materials 76/893/eec issued dpr 777, the decree in addition to the safety of food contact materials with the EU Framework Directive provides the basic principles of the requirements, but also specifies the scope of use, the penalties and penalties for violations of the amount of money and other content.
The Italian food grade requirements apply to plastic materials in accordance with the requirements of EU Directive 2002/72/ec. In addition, the decree has some national requirements such as: rubber, silicon, glass and stainless steel outside the scope of the EU decree, but the Italian decree has specific requirements.
Italy has established a list of approved stainless steel materials: the stainless steel materials included in the list are used only for food contact purposes, so that the material must meet the purity standards and pass the food contact test, in accordance with the listed requirements DM 21373.
Japan’s food-grade testing is regulated by the Japanese Ministry of Health and Social Security (Japan’s Ministry of Health and Welfare), and the relevant laws and regulations are Japan Food Sanitation Law 370 (Japan Food Sanitation Law 370), referred to as JFSL370. Food-grade material products exported to Japan must comply with the relevant standards of JFSL 370.
The control scope of the Japanese food material contact test JFSL370 mainly includes metals, glass, rubber, ceramics, plastics, paper, silica gel, organic coatings, wood, etc. Among them, plastics include PVC, PE, PP, PS, PVDC, PET, PMMA, and PC. , PVOH and other 13 kinds. Different material test items are also different.
9. South Korea - KFDA
The KFDA Food and Drug Safety Agency of South Korea was established in 1996. Its responsibility is to ensure the safety of consumer products such as food and medicine, so as to ensure the health of citizens and support the development of the food and medicine industry.
Korean food contact materials are similar to Japan, and each resin needs to meet both the general requirements of synthetic resins and the specific requirements of the resin. The "Korea Food Sanitation Law" is the basic law of food safety. Chapter 3 stipulates the general requirements for food utensils, containers and packaging materials, and stipulates that the Food and Drug Administration is responsible for formulating standards and specifications for food packaging materials and containers.
South Korea implements a pre-declaration system for imported food, which allows you to obtain information about imported food in advance and determine whether it needs to conduct the first import safety assessment. The imported food that has passed inspection and quarantine will be allowed to be imported and an import certificate will be issued; the local FDA will notify the applicant and the local customs of the unqualified imported food, and the batch of food will be returned, destroyed or changed. After imported food enters the market, local FDA food inspection agencies and local food safety agencies will also conduct random inspections in the circulation area.
10. Switzerland - SR 817.023.21
The Swiss government approved the revision of the Food Contact Material Regulation (SR 817.023.21), which came into effect on December 1, 2019.